Narrative Essay Elements You Need to Know About

If you find yourself looking for all the information about narrative elements in your essay, good news! Here we will explain everything about this topic.

In this post, we will tell you the definition, the main elements of narration step by step, and examples so that you can see in a practical way what has been exposed, with the aim of motivating and inspiring you so that you can take into account these facts when writing your narrative essay. You can also contact and get professional help.

First, we share with you what is narration, shall we start?

What is narration?

Narration is the verbal development of a sequence of events, related in a specific and orderly manner. They can be real or not.

A narration can be an anecdote, a story, a tale, or a story, among others, where there can be different techniques. The act of narrating is considered one of the most ancient and essential of humanity.

What are the elements of narration?

The elements of narration are all the parts necessary for this type of writing an essay to meet the requirements of its writing. Likewise, the narration is the way of telling facts, whether real or fictitious. The length of the text is not relevant. Not all students can handle this type of text, which is why many of them buy narrative essay and get high grades.

The following are the elements of narration: the narrator, the action, and the different characters. Also, the structure, the time-space.

Any text with these elements can be considered a narrative text.

Narrative elements

Next, we will detail each of the elements of narration, named above.

The narrator

The narrator plays the role of the character. He/she is in charge of explaining the facts of the story, describing and introducing the characters that compose it. They insert us in a certain space and time. The narrator explains the thoughts, the facts, and the way the characters behave through the action of the verb.

There are two main types of narrators:

  • 1st person narrator. This is the narrator who lived or lives the events he/she is narrating. As, for example, Anne Frank’s diary.
  • 3rd person narrator. The narrator tells the story without being part of it, from a distance.

Action as narrative elements

Action is the facts and events that take place in the story that is being narrated. It can also be known as “episodes”. This, in a novel, generally has its autonomy, within what we call “chapters”.

The characters

The narration elements have the narrator as the main character. He usually offers a lot of information about everything that happens. From this, you will find two kinds of characters: the main characters and the secondary characters.

The main character must carry out a mission or fulfill certain objectives within the story. The secondary characters are those who try to prevent this objective.

You should not be confused with “good characters” and “bad characters”, as there are stories where the main character may be outside your value judgments. For example, The Picture of Dorian Gray.


Structure, within the elements of narration, is the form and distribution of the plot. It is also the way the different parts are linked together. The classic structure is divided into three:

  • The introduction or the approach
  • The knot
  • The denouement

Time as part of the narrative elements

The time is the specific moment in which the narrative is found and the way in which it is ordered. You can order it linearly, or you can break the chronological order by means of tools such as flashbacks.

Every narrative contains a historical time, in which the novel is set, and a literary time, in which is where the work is developed.

Space as narrative elements

Space is the last of the narrative elements. It refers to the location where the action takes place and where the characters are located. This space can be real, for example, in Greece, New York, and Barcelona. It can also be fictional, for example, The Shire, Narnia, or Hogwarts.

We hope you found the narrative elements useful!

Leave a Comment